Capital Punishment In The United Kingdom

In England, it had been commonplace for people to attend public executions for hundreds of years. Particularly during the 18th- and 19th- century reign of the Bloody Code, a set of laws that made 200 crimes punishable by death. A History of Heads Lost and Heads Found by Frances Larsen, as many as 5,000 people would attend your average public hanging in London.

But the mid-1800s brought the proliferation of an innovation that made it so people wouldn’t have to wait until there was local execution about the train. And what quickly followed the expanding British railway system were train excursions. Thomas Cook, the founder of the eponymous travel agency, arranged his first train excursion a trip to a teetotal rally.

But even this was preceded by an excursion that ran between the two Cornwall towns of Wadebridge and Bodmin so that visitors could witness the execution of William and James Lightfoot. The performance of the brothers attracted roughly 20,000 spectators, approximately 3,000 of which had arrived via the train excursion.

The popularity of these grisly displays was undeniable. On November 13, 1849, 30,000 people were in attendance at the execution of Marie and Frederick Manning. As was routinely the case, these weren’t tens of thousands of solemn-faced onlookers overcome by an all-too-human morbid curiosity. These were rowdy occasions that brought out the worst in attendees. Charles Dickens was so fundamentally disturbed by the behavior of the spectators that had come to watch the hanging of the Mannings that he wrote a letter to The Times condemning the practice.

The horrors of the gibbet and of the crime which brought the wretched murderers to it faded in my mind before the atrocious bearing, looks, and language of the assembled spectators. They use to be solemnly convinced that nothing that ingenuity could devise to be done in this city, in the same compass of time, could work such ruin as one public execution.

England’s final public hanging would come just over 20 years later in 1869.

History Of Srisailam

Sri Bhramaramba Mallikarjuna Temple or Srisailam Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to the deities Shiva and Parvati, located at Srisailam in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.

Srisailam has an ancient history as this site was considered holy for many centuries. As part of the twelve Jyotirlingas, the first mention of a temple comes from inscriptions made by the Sathavahana empire around the 1st century A.D. This temple and thus the town surrounding it played an essential role in the kingdoms of various Hindu kings who lead significant and necessary countries within Southern and Central India.

Some of them were the Pallavas, the Kakatiyas, the Reddy kings, the Chalukyas among many other smaller yet critical regional kingdoms. The second Harihararaya was an essential king within the Vijayanagara Empire, who had constructed the main edifice of the temple and took on some expanding work within. However, the golden period of this temple was during the tenure of the Reddy kings, who added the stepped pathway to the temple and also did many expansions.

One of the most famous kings of the region, Sri Krishnadevaraya also had a hand in major renovation and further constructions within the temple in the 15th century. Chatrapati Shivaji also contributed to the development of the temple in 1667 AD.

Lord Shiva in this temple is referred to as one of the twelve Jyotirlingas. Goddess Bramarambha’s shrine is regarded to as one of the fifty-two Shakti peethas. This temple is classified as one of the Paadal Petra Sthalam. On the way to the main temple is located Shikreshwar temple. It is said that by having darshan in the temple, one does not get rebirth. Krishna River here is called Patal Ganga. One has to go down 852 stairs to reach the river. The Shiva Linga is bathed with the water of this river.

 

here are the best places to visit in Visakhapatnam

Visakhapatnam has its fair piece of history to share. Spread around the city are many examples of the contributions Visakhapatnam has made to the nation’s safety and how it has always been at the front, be it the Second World War or the 1971 India-Pakistan War. For those who love to dive into historical facts and treasures and know about India’s long history, here are five places of historical significance in Visakhapatnam:

INS Kursura (S20):
Standing tall as the only submarine museum in India, INS Kursura has been a symbol of pride, both now and back when it was in service. In its 31 years of services, this submarine has led many patrolling missions and has been a loyal guardian of the Indian seas. Now, it rests on the RK beach, as a piece of the country’s history that we can all proudly cherish. Close to 90 meters in length, this submarine is one of the first ones that the Indian Navy had acquired and was an active participant in the 1971 War with Pakistan. It also represented the nation on many naval exercises and goodwill visits around the globe. Retired naval personnel guide tourists through the submarine with various parts like radar room and sonar room on display. Visitors also get an idea of the hardships sailors had to go through at sea. INS Kursura is a tribute to the brave sailors who diligently protected our nation and a testament to the Indian Navy’s glory.                                                                                                                                           

INS Kalvari (S23) :
At a few meters distance from the Kursura Museum lies the fin of a submarine from the same class as Kursura. It was the first submarine to be bought by Indian Navy, back in December 1967. This meant that when it was decommissioned in 1996, the whole submarine was in no condition to be preserved, but the fin still stands at Beach Road near The Park hotel. The propeller of the submarine symbolizes its glorious past and how it was one of the main contributors in the 1971 victory over Pakistan. The Andhra Pradesh government set it up there as a reminder of the sacrifices and struggles the Navy had to make to protect our coast.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       

Visakha Museum:
What was earlier a Dutch Bungalow is now a museum containing treasures and artifacts of Kalingandhra region. Not only that, it holds armory, coins, and manuscripts from the British era. One can find portraits of members of the Vizianagaram Royal family and photographs of Mahatma Gandhi’s visit to Visakhapatnam. It also contains models of various warships, submarines, and planes. As a piece of history from when the Japanese attacked Visakhapatnam, the Visakha Museum has a shell of a 250-lb unexploded bomb which was dropped in this city. A walk through this historical collection can tell you a lot about Visakhapatnam’s history as well as Indian history.                                                                                                                                                                           

TU-142 Aircraft Museum:
The latest addition to Visakhapatnam’s collection, this museum is a Soviet-made Tupolev TU-142 aircraft which served 29 years with the Indian Navy. It has close to 30,000 hours of flying time and is the world’s heaviest, fastest flying turboprop aircraft. It was an expert in anti-submarine and surveillance operations for it could detect the lowest of noises. It could fly 16 hours in the skies at a stretch, due to which it was regularly used in patrolling missions. It served in Operation Cactus at the Maldives, Operation Vijay, and Parakram. It signifies the heights that the Indian Navy has reached.                                                                                                       

Victory at Sea War Memorial:
The Victory at Sea Memorial is another one of the proud historical places in Visakhapatnam. This memorial was constructed in 1996 as a tribute to the Indian Navy and the sailors in Eastern Naval Command. It is a reminder of our first victory over Pakistan in the 1971 War when the PNS Ghazi was sunk by the Indian Navy and hence, its plans to destroy INS Vikrant. It is a message to all those who plan to hurt India that India will always be brave and proud.                                                                                                                                     

GOLCONDA FORT

Golkonda, also known as Golconda,   Golconda (“Round shaped hill”), or Golla Konda, (meaning Shepherd’s Hill in the regional language Telugu) is a citadel and fort in Southern India and was the capital of the medieval sultanate of the Qutb Shahi dynasty(c.1512–1687), is situated 11 km (6.8 mi) west of Hyderabad. It is an also a tehsil of Hyderabad district, Telangana, India.

 

The Kakatiyas first built Golkonda Fort as part of their western defenses along the lines of the Kondapalli Fort. The Golkonda Fort used to have a vault where the famous Koh-i-Noor and Hope diamonds along with other diamonds.

 

Under the Bahmani Sultanate, Golkonda slowly rose to prominence. Sultan Quli Qutb-ul-Mulk (r. 1487–1543), sent as a governor of Telangana, established it as the seat of his government around 1501. Bahmani rule gradually weakened during this period, and Sultan Quli formally became independent in 1538, establishing the Qutb Shahi dynasty based in Golkonda.

 

 

Golkonda Fort which is into the Hyderabad Golf Club despite resistance from farmers who owned the land and various NGOs within the city. The ramparts of the new fort start after the residential area with many towers and the Hatiyan ka Jihad“Elephant-sized tree” – an ancient baobab tree with an enormous girth. It also includes a war mosque. These sites are under restrictive access to the public because of the Golf Course.

 

 

The whole of the Golkonda Fort complex and its surrounding spreads across 11 km (6.8 mi) of total area and discovering it’s every nook is an arduous task. A visit to the fort reveals the architectural beauty in many of the pavilions, gates, entrances, and domes. The architectural prowess still gleams in each of the apartments, halls, temples, mosques, and even stables.

The Many Places Claiming to Be the ‘Eighth Wonder of the World’

Since at least the 19th century, people have suggested new wonders, or brought attention to a site by calling it “the eighth wonder of the world.” President Teddy Roosevelt supposedly said  California’s Burney Falls was the eighth wonder, a detail still noted on its website. In a nod to its use as a marketing trope, the 1933 film King Kong even shows the great ape being hawked as the eighth wonder of the world. Here’s a list of other eight other sites that have been dubbed the eighth wonder.

Pink and White Terraces, New Zealand

The historic terraces on opposite sides of Lake Rotomahana on New Zealand’s North Island once represent the most extensive formations of silica sinter in the world. On the one hand, the terraces were pink. On the other, they were white. In the early 1880s, these natural terraces were a popular tourist destination, and supposedly known as the eighth wonder of the world.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           

Terra-Cotta Army, China

For the tomb of China’s first emperor, Qin Shi Huang, artists designed thousands of life-size terra cotta statues of soldiers, horses, and chariots to accompany him into the afterlife. In 1974, workers outside the city of Xi’an in Shaanxi Province discovered some of these third-century B.C.E. statues while trying to dig a well. Since then, a select group of these statues has appeared in museums around the world.                                                                                                                                                                                                       

Banaue Rice Terraces, The Philippines

More than 2,000 years ago, the Ifugao people carved a series of rice terraces onto the mountains of Banaue, a region on the island of Luzon in the Philippines. The terraces resemble steps stretching across 4,000 square miles of the mountainside and were part of a system of irrigation that the Ifugao people used to grow rice.

Borobudur, Indonesia

Borobudur is a massive Buddhist temple in Central Java, Indonesia, built by the Shailendra Dynasty in the eighth and ninth centuries. A volcanic explosion around the year 1000 buried the monument in volcanic ash, and it remained hidden until workers began restoring it in the 20th century. The memorial is built kind of like a pyramid with three separate layers, representing the three spheres in Buddhist cosmology.                                                                                                                                                                         

Angkor Wat, Cambodia

In the early 12th century, the Khmer empire built an enormous monument at its capital of Angkor. That monument, called Angkor wat,  was originally a Hindu temple. By the end of the century, it had transitioned into a Buddhist temple and remained so for several centuries. Today, the monument in Siem Reap Province is one of Cambodia’s most significant archaeological monuments. The larger Angkor area containing the temple has been a UNESCO World Heritage site since 1992.                                                                                             

Citadelle Laferrière, Haiti

A more recent wonder is the Citadelle Laferriere, a fortress built atop Haiti’s Bonnet an L’Eveque mountain in 1820. Construction began on the citadel after the Haitian revolution, the first successful rebellion of enslaved people against European colonizers. After the revolution, Haiti built the castle to serve as a military fortress if ever the French returned to enslaved Haitians again.                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

Aswan High Dam, Egypt

In the 1960s, the Soviet Union partnered with Egypt (then known as the United Arab Republic) to build the Aswan High Dam across the Nile. At a ceremony to mark the first stage of the dam’s completion in 1964, Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev boasted that it would be the eighth wonder of the world.                                                                                                                                                                                       

Pikeville Cut-Through, United States

The cut-through highway in Pikeville, Kentucky, is another project that promoters tried to sell as the eighth wonder of the world before it was even built. Back in 1970, three years before construction also began, the new york times reported that “local boosters” claimed it would be the eighth wonder.                                                                                                                                                                                     

Historic Places In India To Visit This Independence Day

Indian Independence Movement is one long struggle. Nearly 90 years of effort to get the Indian soil free from the British. However, many fights happened before the 1857 Indian Rebellion, but it was in 1857 the dream of Independence got into the people of India. Several revolts, conflicts, and chaos took place in different parts of the country. These places today are no less than places of worship. Let’s remember these places on this occasion of 73rd Independence Day of India.
Barrackpore (West Bengal):
It all started from here when Mangal Pandey, a Brahmin boy joined British East India Company at the age of 18, rebelled against the English officers and killed many for their cruel nature towards the Indians. As an honor to Mangal Pandey, the first freedom fighter to rise against the British oppression, a beautiful park was built after his name. Barrackpore was where he voiced his opinions and started the movement, and later the Britishers hanged him on 8th April 1857. Today people visit Barrackpore not just for its calm nature, but also for the significance it holds in the history of the Indian Independence struggle.                                                                                   
Jhansi (Uttar Pradesh):
Jhansi, a town in Uttar Pradesh lies on the banks of the Pahuj River. Jhansi would’ve been an ordinary place in history books if it was not for the heroics of the lady Rani Laxmibai, the Queen of Jhansi. Even though it has been more than 160 years of her martyrdom, the town of Jhansi still has that stronghold of Rani Laxmibai in it. The city Jhansi has several sites which give a story about sacrifice, struggle, fight and more. To honor her, the town has dedicated several places to her, namely Fort of Jhansi, Rani Mahal, Government Museum, Jhansi Museum, and Gandhi Museum. The courageous lady is still remembered for her fight against the British soldiers.                                                                                                                                                                                                       
Jallianwalla Bagh (Punjab):
The auspicious occasion of Punjab New Year on 13th April 1919 turned one of the blackest days in the history of India’s Independence when General Reginald Dyer ordered British Indian Army troops to fire on a crowd of unarmed Indian civilians at Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar. The memorial is now managed by the Jallianwalla Bagh National Memorial Trust. A portion of the wall still has those bullet marks along with the well, which is preserved as a memorial. This year even marks the 100 years of Jallianwalla Bagh massacre, also known as the Amritsar massacre.                                                                                                                                                             

Why It’s Illegal To Take Pictures Of The Eiffel Tower At Night

The Eiffel tower is so famous that it has become not only a symbol of Paris but the whole of France. It never fails to impress, especially when its 20,000 light bulbs are illuminated. Originally erected by Eiffel to commemorate the centennial of the French Revolution in 1889, this epic monument consistently attracts more than 6.9 million visitors from across the globe who come to see the tower and take photos each year.                                                                                                                                                                                                               

You’ll find its image in countless guidebooks, online articles, and breathtaking Instagram snaps. However, what you probably don’t realise is that media outlets rarely release photos of the tower at night. The ban comes down to French copyright law, which gives the original creator of an object exclusive rights to its sale and distribution. Buildings are classified with the same rigor as the artistic works that you would find in a museum.

In the European Union, the copyright law holds for 70 years after the creator has passed away. Some countries are more lenient, such as Pakistan, in which the copyright law holds for 50 years; in other places, it’s longer – for example, 95 years in Jamaica. Eiffel held the copyright for the tower, and he died in 1923, meaning that the copyright ran out 70 years later, in 1993. At this point, the likeness and design of the tower were allowed to enter the public domain.However, the lights on the Eiffel tower were installed in 1985, by Pierre Bideau, meaning that any photo or video that shows the monument at a time when the lights are visible is a violation of copyright law.

khammam killa

The Heart of Khammam is Killa

This temple is believed to own been existing since Treta Yuga. The vertical rock beneath the temple is understood as KAMBA, which accurately suggests that pillar. The name of the city Khammam has been derived from Kambam Mettu to Kammammet or Khammam Mettu to the current Khammam city. The district is additionally named as Khammam. Located at concerning 193 km towards the east of Hyderabad is one in all Telangana necessary districts, Khammam.

Situated at the guts of the Khammam town and at a distance of one kilometer from terminus this impressive fort was engineered on the rock with vast granites. The fort is capable of mounting sixty cannons; there is associate degree previous masjid & Mahal within the fort made throughout the amount of Zafar-Ud Doula.

Khammam Fort

There is a documented Zafar Bouli that is sixty linear units long and twenty direct unit wide. A secret pathway was made and utilized throughout the invasions. Channels were created to store rainwater.The fort was created within the 950s by the fantastic Kakatiya rulers. The kings Velama and Musunuri Nayak were additionally concerned in its construction. Later in 1531, the Qutub Shahi kings developed the Khammam Fort.

The History Of The Charminar

Built-in the year 1591 AD, Charminar is the heartbeat of Hyderabadis. The landmark of the city was built by the fifth ruler of Qutb Shahi dynasty, Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah. Charminar, a monument and mosque, is an imposing model that celebrates the influence of the Muslim Turkomans in India. Considered to be in the top ten pillars of the country, here’s a little something about the structure and its history.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Charminar is a square shaped structure built out of granite and lime mortar. The monument predominantly has an Islamic-style design, but influences of Hindu architecture can also be seen in its ornamentation. It is flanked by four minarets on every corner, which are 48.7 meters high. It is believed that the four towers are symbolic of Islam’s first four Khalifas. Each minaret is four stories tall, and the floors are divided by beautifully carved rings around it. The mosque is located on the top floor, and visitors can enjoy a short climb of the 149 steps to get there.

“Charminar” is a name synonymous to Hyderabad in the same way that the Taj Mahal is synonymous to Agra and India Gate is synonymous to New Delhi.